SSI Prevention Bundles 2023 – Reducing the Risk of Surgical Site Infection

SSI Prevention Bundles: Evidence-based Interventions to Reduce Surgical Site Infections

SSI Prevention Bundles: Evidence-based Interventions

A Surgical Site Infection, SSI prevention bundle is a collection of evidence-based measures that healthcare providers can use to lower the risk of surgical site infections in patients. To reduce the risk of bacterial contamination and infection, the bundle often includes a combination of interventions before, during, and after the operation. The particular components of an SSI prevention bundle may vary based on the type of surgery and patient group, however, the following are some standard components:

SSI Prevention Guidelines

Hand cleanliness, skin preparation, and antibiotic prophylaxis are all part of pre-operative preparation to limit the possibility of bacterial infection.

Intra-operative precautions include things like keeping the operating room sterile, utilizing suitable surgical methods, and keeping the surgery as short as possible to limit the risk of bacterial contamination.

Post-operative care involves measures such as wound care, antibiotic prophylaxis, and infection surveillance to limit the risk of post-operative infections.

Patient education consists of informing patients about the signs and symptoms of infection, as well as activities they can take to lower their risk of infection following surgery.

SSI Prevention Bundles Checklists

Checklists for SSI (Surgical Site Infection) prevention bundles are tools that can be used to ensure that all components of an SSI prevention bundle are appropriately and consistently executed. These checklists assist healthcare practitioners in tracking compliance with each bundle component and identifying areas for improvement.

The following is an example of an SSI prevention bundle checklist, which comprises the following essential components:

Pre-operative Phase

  • Antimicrobial prophylaxis is delivered within 60 minutes of the incision.
  • Use of an appropriate hair removal procedure
  • A chlorhexidine or iodine-based solution is used to prepare the skin.

During the intraoperative period:

  • Normothermia maintained.
  • Observed strict sterile technique
  • Blood glucose levels remain within the normal range.
  • Tissue handling is kept to a minimum.
  • Suction devices are used to reduce bacterial contamination.
  • Remove any drains, tubes, and catheters as quickly as feasible.

Postoperative period:

  • Dressings should be maintained clean and dry.
  • Encouraged early ambulation
  • Sufficient pain relief is offered.
  • The patient and caregiver are given wound care instructions.
  • Wound observation was carried out and documented

SSI Prevention Best Practices

By comprising the above details, we can formulate best practices useful in reducing Surgical Site infections. Here are some best practices that have been shown to be effective in reducing the risk of SSI:

  1. Preoperative assessment and optimization: Preoperative assessment of the patient’s medical history and risk factors, optimization of chronic medical problems, and adequate preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis can all help lower the risk of SSI.

2. Proper surgical site preparation: Preparing the surgical site with an antiseptic solution such as chlorhexidine or povidone-iodine can help reduce bacterial infection.

3. Maintaining normothermia: Sustaining Normothermia during and after surgery can help lower the chance of SSI.

4. Keeping normal blood glucose levels: In diabetic individuals, maintaining adequate blood glucose levels can help minimize the incidence of SSI.

5. Good surgical technique: It includes avoiding tissue stress, reducing operating time, and using surgical drains and catheters sparingly, which can help lower the incidence of SSI.

6. Postoperative wound care: Keeping the wound clean and dry, monitoring for symptoms of infection, and promptly managing any wound issues can all help lower the incidence of SSI.

7. Antibiotic stewardship: Proper antibiotic administration, including antibiotic regimen selection, duration of therapy, and avoidance of unnecessary antibiotic use, can help lower the incidence of SSI and the development of antibiotic-resistant infections.

8. Surveillance and feedback: Continuous surveillance and monitoring of SSI rates, feedback to surgical teams, and the implementation of quality improvement initiatives can assist identify areas for improvement and lower the risk of SSI.


Establishing a surgical site infection prevention bundle has been found to be an effective technique for lowering the occurrence of surgical site infections. Rather than depending on a single intervention, the bundle strategy guarantees that numerous evidence-based practices are utilized in tandem to lower the risk of infection.

For References – SSI Prevention Bundles:

WHO’s Global guidelines for the prevention of surgical site infection