Important Questions of Infection Control Nursing – 3

Important Questions of Infection Control Nursing – 3

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Total Quiz Questions=45
Mark/Question= 5
Total Marks=225
Most important questions and answers of infection control nursing third part.In this quiz previously asked infection control nursing questions are included.
These questions are asked in various government exams includes AIIMS Bhopal, PGIMER, RAKCON, JIPMER etc.

1. Cleaning of infected bedsore has to be done from?

a) Inner to outer
b) Outer to inner
c) Near part to caregiver
d) None of these

2. Infection occurred following treatment modality or procedure is known as?

a) Iatrogenic infection
b) Nosocomial infection
c) Concurrent infection
d) Fomite infection

3. While cleaning the eye, it has to be clean from?

a) Inner canthus to outer canthus
b) Outer canthus to inner canthus
c) Middle of the eye to outer canthus
d) Middle of the eye to inner canthus

4. Immediate disinfection of all article and bodily discharge during the course of disease is known as?

a) Concurrent disinfection
b) Terminal disinfection
c) Sterilization
d) Bactericidal

5. What you mean by cold sterilization?

a) Sterilization under a temperature range of 1 to 80®C
b) Disinfection using disinfectant
c) Sterilization done under minus degree Celsius temperature
d) All of these

6. Most important aspect of hand washing is?

a) Time
b) Type of soap
c) Surface tension
d) Friction

7. Which of the following colored container must be used for discarding human anatomical waste in hospital?

a) Yellow
b) Red
c) Blue
d) Black

8. Thick yellow drainage from the wound is known as?

a) Sanguineous
b) Serous- sanguineous
c) Serous
d) Purulent

9. The highest concentration of HIV virus is found in?

a) Saliva
b) CSF
c) Blood
d) Semen

10. Contact precautions are used in caring a patient with?

a) Dengue
b) Tetanus
c) Pneumonia

11. Precautions used when caring for a rubella patient is?

a) Droplet
b) Contact
c) Universal
d) Hand washing

12. Which intervention is appropriate for a client with skeletal traction?

a) Pin care
b) Prone positioning
c) Intermittent weights
d) 5 lb weight limit

13. Which type of precautions should the nurse implement for the client diagnosed with septic meningitis?

a) Standard precaution
b) Airbone precaution
c) Contact precaution
d) Droplet precaution

14. Under certain circumstances the virus that causes chicken pox can also cause?

a) Athlete’s foot
b) Herpes zoster
c) German measles
d) Infectious Hepatitis

15. Strawberry spot vagina is seen in?

a) Candida
b) Trichomonas
c) CMV
d) Herpes simplex

16. Hygiene is a word derived from?

a) Latin
b) Indian
c) Greek
d) French

17. Carrier of avirulent organism is called?

a) Host
b) Mono carrier
c) Pseudo carrier
d) Agent

18. Best method of disinfection of hospital waste is?

a) Fumigation
b) Incineration
c) Sunlight
d) Burying

19. Fungal infection of foot is also called as?

a) Athletes foot
b) Gangrene
c) Cellulitis
d) Acne

20. Malta fever is another name for?

a) Q fever
b) Scrub fever
c) Brucellosis
d) Salmonellosis

21. The substance which kills infectious agent outside the body by natural, physical or chemical methods is known as?

a) Detergents
b) Disinfectants
c) Antiseptics
d) Antibiotics

22. If a person has no resistance of the body, he gets the disease due to infection, this is called?

a) Infestation
b) Susceptibility
c) Pathogenicity
d) None of these

23. Which plasmodium causes “malignant malaria”?

a) P. Vivax
b) P. Falciparum
c) P. Ovale
d) P. Malaria

24. Mode of transmission of Hepatitis E is?

a) Water borne
b) Blood borne
c) Air borne
d) Transplacental

25.An education program is being conducted on standard precautions. The nurse understands: that a primary purpose of standard precautions with all clients is:

a)To prevent nosocomial infections.
b)To protect clients from AIDS.
c)To protect employees from HIV and HBV.
d)To replace other isolation requirements.

26.When preparing to administer an antibiotic to a client, the nurse understands it will be effective in treatment of an infectious disease process primarily because antibiotics:

a)Reduce the inflammatory response.
b)Enhance the body’s natural immune function.
c)Block growth of essential components of the bacterial cell.
d)Immobilize bacteria and allow them to be eliminated from the body.

27.Which physical assessment finding is most
indicative of a systemic infection?

a)Nasal drainage
b)Bilateral 3+ pitting pedal edema
c)Oral temperature of 101.1°F
d)Pale skin and nail bed color

28.A client is being admitted to a medical unit
with a diagnosis of tuberculosis. Which type of room should this client is assigned by the nurse?

a)Private room
b)Semiprivate room
c)Room with windows that can be opened
d)Negative airflow room.

29. A surgical client develops a wound infection during hospitalization. How is this type of infection classified?


30. A client is diagnosed with AIDS. The nurse recognizes that an opportunistic infection is present when the oral cavity is examined and white plagues are discovered on the mucosa. What does this finding most likely represent?

c)Candida albicans
d)Human papilomavirus

31. A nurse is teaching a new nursing assistant about ways to prevent the spread of infection. Included in the instruction would be that the cycle of the infectious process must be broken, which may be accomplished primarily through:

a)Hand washing before and after providing client care.
b)Thoroughly cleaning the environment.
c)Wearing infection control-approved protective equipment when providing client care.
d)Using medical and surgical aseptic techniques at all times.

32. A client is to begin IV antibiotic therapy for a pulmonary infection. What should be completed before the first dose of antibiotic is administered?

b)Sputum culture
c)Chest X-ray
d)Red blood cell count

33. A 62-year-old male client is being discharged home from the hospital. During his stay, he acquired a nosocomial infection. Clostridium difficile, in preparing a teaching plan for the client and caretaker, which priority point would the nurse include?

a)Report any constipation to your physician immediately
b)C. difficile causes diarrhea accompanied by flatus and abdominal discomfort.
c)The client should consume a diet high in fiber and low in fat
d)No special cleaning or disinfection will be required in the home

34. A nurse discusses the procedure for protective isolation with the husband of a client who is receiving chemotherapy and has been hospitalized for neutropenia. Which statement made by the husband indicates the teaching was effective?

a)”Protective isolation helps prevent the spread of infection to my wife from the outside environment.”
b)”Protective isolation help prevent the spread of infection from my wife to health care personnel and visitors.”
c)”Protective isolation helps prevent the spread of infection from my wife by using special techniques to destroy infectious fluids and secretions.”
d)”Protective isolation helps prevent the spread of infection to my wife by using special sterilization techniques for her linens and personal items before use.”

35. Which activity would be best in preventing
septic shock in the hospitalized client?

a)Maintaining the client in a normothermic state.
b)Administering blood products to replace fluid losses
c)Using aseptic technique during all invasive procedures
d)Keeping the critically ill client immobilized to reduce metabolic demands

36. A client has an infection that is spread through
droplets. Which of the following is essential for the nurse to use when taking this client’s temperature?

c)A gown
d)A mask

37. A nurse administering immunizations to
prevent infection by which of the following mechanism?

a)Enhancing the defenses of the host
b)Eliminating the mode of transmission
c)Introducing a weak secondary infection
d)Blocking the immune response of the host

38. A client has a nursing diagnosis of Risk for infection. What would be the most desirable expected outcome for this client?

a)All nursing functions will be completed by discharge
b)All invasive intravenous lines will remain patent
c)The client will remain awake, alert, and oriented at all times
d)The client will be free of signs and symptoms of infection by discharge

39. What action by the nurse is most important when performing a dressing change using surgical aseptic technique?

a)Comforting the client
b)Maintaining sterility
c)Obtaining extra gloves
d)Organizing supplies.

40. The nurse must assign a room to a client with scabies. Which of the following options would be the best choice for this client?

a)A negative-pressure isolation room.
b)A private room.
c)A semi-private room with any client.
d)A room with another client with scabies.

41. When caring for a client with bronchitis, what
is the best way the nurse can prevent the spread of infection?

a)By empirical antibiotics
b)Hand washing
c)E.T Intubation

42. The nurse is caring for a client with Hepatitis A.
What action puts the nurse at highest risk for
being exposed to Hepatitis A?

a)Standing one foot away when the client coughs.
b)Suctioning the client.
c)Testing the client’s stool for occult blood.
d)Touching the client’s arm when providing comfort.

43. A nurse is caring for a client with a respiratory
infection. Which of the following is the most important action by the nurse to prevent the transmission of infection?

a)Using unsterile gloves when contact with body fluid.
b)Washing hands after donning sterile gloves
c)Wearing a gown to protect skin and clothing.
d)Washing hands after the removal of soiled gloves.

44. The nurse must auscultate the lungs of a client
in isolation. Which of the following is the best way to prevent the spread of microorganisms to other clients?

a)Detach a contaminated needle from its syringe before disposal.
b)Double-bag soiled equipment with impervious bags before removing it from the client’s room.
c)Keep the stethoscope used for that client in the room.
d)Remove personal protective equipment just outside the client’s door.

45. Before blood transfusion blood is screened for the following except?

a) Malaria
b) Hepatitis B
c) Hepatitis A
d) HIV

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Infection Control Nursing Quiz

  1. The most common site of hospital acquired infection is?
  2. Surgical sites
    Respiratory tract
    Urinary tract

  3. Tubes and catheters are disinfected with?
  4. 2% gluteraldehyde
    1% hypochlorite
    None of these

  5. Cold sterilization means?
  6. Sterilization under a temperature range of 1 80 degree C
    Disinfection using disinfectant
    Sterilization done under minus degree Celsius temperature
    All of these

  7. Increased depth of breathing with normal respiratory rate is?
  8. Hyperpnea
    Kussmaul’s respiration

  9. Apical pulse is assessed by placing the diaphragm of the stethoscope at the area of?
  10. Aortic area
    Pulmonic area
    Tricuspid area
    Mitral area

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