45 Important Nursing Test Questions and Answers

45 Nursing Test Questions and Answers

1. What is a common symptom of the flu?
a) Itchy throat
b) Excessive thirst
c) Persistent cough
d) Watery eyes

2. Which of the following is a typical flu symptom that distinguishes it from a common cold?
a) Sneezing
b) Fever
c) Nasal congestion
d) Fatigue

3. What muscle-related symptom is commonly associated with the flu?
a) Joint pain
b) Muscle weakness
c) Neck stiffness
d) Tingling sensation

4. In addition to respiratory symptoms, which system does the flu commonly affect?
a) Digestive system
b) Cardiovascular system
c) Nervous system
d) Endocrine system

5. Which age group is particularly vulnerable to severe complications from the flu?
a) Children under 5
b) Adults aged 25-35
c) Adolescents aged 15-18
d) Elderly individuals above 70

6. Which of the following is a classic symptom of diabetes?
a) Excessive thirst
b) Increased appetite
c) Heightened sense of taste
d) Vision improvement

7. What skin-related symptom is associated with diabetes?
a) Increased pigmentation
b) Persistent itching
c) Reduced sweating
d) Enhanced skin elasticity

8. Which organ is primarily affected by diabetes, leading to symptoms such as fatigue and weakness?
a) Liver
b) Pancreas
c) Kidneys
d) Muscles

9. What eye-related symptom is often associated with uncontrolled diabetes?
a) Improved night vision
b) Blurred vision
c) Increased tear production
d) Enhanced color perception

10. Which type of diabetes is characterized by the body’s inability to produce insulin?
a) Type 1 diabetes
b) Type 2 diabetes
c) Gestational diabetes
d) Prediabetes

11. What is a core symptom of ADHD related to inattention?

a. Hyperactivity
b. Impulsivity
c. Forgetfulness
d. Excessive talking

12. Which of the following behaviors is associated with hyperactivity in ADHD?

a. Avoiding physical activities
b. Restlessness and fidgeting
c. Excessive sleeping
d. Low energy levels

13. How do impulsivity symptoms manifest in individuals with ADHD?

a. Careful and thoughtful decision-making
b. Hesitation in social interactions
c. Rapid decision-making without considering consequences
d. Avoidance of new experiences

14. In what setting do ADHD symptoms typically become noticeable?

a. Only in academic settings
b. Only in social situations
c. Across various settings (home, school, work)
d. Only during physical activities

15. What age range commonly experiences the onset of ADHD symptoms?

a. Exclusively in adolescence
b. Exclusively in adulthood
c. Throughout childhood and adolescence
d. Only in early childhood

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16. Which age group is most susceptible to severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections?

a. Adolescents
b. Adults
c. Infants and young children
d. Elderly individuals

17. What is a common early symptom of RSV in infants?

a. Persistent cough
b. Rapid breathing
c. Fever
d. Sneezing

18. Which respiratory symptom is more pronounced in RSV infections compared to common colds?

a. Nasal congestion
b. Sore throat
c. Wheezing
d. Sneezing

19. In addition to respiratory symptoms, what other system can RSV affect, especially in severe cases?

a. Cardiovascular system
b. Gastrointestinal system
c. Nervous system
d. Musculoskeletal system

20. What precautionary measure is essential to prevent the spread of RSV?

a. Frequent handwashing
b. Wearing multiple layers of clothing
c. Avoiding outdoor activities
d. Consuming vitamin supplements

21. What is a common early symptom of a urinary tract infection (UTI)?

a. Increased appetite
b. Lower back pain
c. Frequent urination
d. Enhanced sense of taste

22. Which part of the urinary system is primarily affected by a UTI?

a. Kidneys
b. Bladder
c. Urethra
d. Ureters

23. What is a characteristic symptom of a UTI in addition to painful urination?

a. Increased energy levels
b. Cloudy or strong-smelling urine
c. Decreased thirst
d. Clear urine

24. In what demographic is the risk of UTIs higher?

a. Only in males
b. Only in females
c. Equally in both males and females
d. Only in children

25. What can individuals do to reduce the risk of UTIs?

a. Avoiding hydration
b. Wearing tight-fitting underwear
c. Wiping from back to front after using the toilet
d. Emptying the bladder regularly

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26. What is a common symptom of menopause related to changes in menstrual cycles?

a. Increased menstrual flow
b. Irregular periods
c. Shorter menstrual cycles
d. Decreased menstrual cramps

27. Which of the following symptoms is commonly associated with hormonal fluctuations during menopause?

a. Increased bone density
b. Elevated libido
c. Hot flashes
d. Improved memory

28. What psychological symptom is often linked to menopause?

a. Increased stress resilience
b. Decreased anxiety
c. Mood swings
d. Enhanced concentration

29. In addition to changes in the reproductive system, what physical symptom is associated with menopause?

a. Increased fertility
b. Decreased bone density
c. Higher metabolism
d. Enhanced muscle mass

30. What lifestyle changes can help manage symptoms associated with menopause?

a. Avoiding physical activity
b. Increasing caffeine intake
c. Incorporating regular exercise
d. Ignoring stress management techniques

31. What is a common cognitive symptom of anxiety?

a. Enhanced concentration
b. Excessive worry
c. Improved memory
d. Reduced alertness

32. How might anxiety manifest in terms of physical symptoms?

a. Decreased heart rate
b. Muscle tension
c. Low energy levels
d. Slowed breathing

33. What is a behavioral manifestation of anxiety?

a. Decreased avoidance behaviors
b. Reduced social interactions
c. Improved decision-making
d. Enhanced risk-taking behaviors

34.Which of the following is a common emotional symptom of anxiety?

a. Emotional numbness
b. Decreased irritability
c. Heightened emotional resilience
d. Elevated mood

35. In what situations might anxiety symptoms be considered normal and adaptive?

a. During a high-stakes exam
b. When meeting new people
c. While facing a life-threatening situation
d. None of the above

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36. What is often referred to as the “silent killer” due to its asymptomatic nature in many cases?

a. High blood pressure
b. Low blood pressure
c. Elevated cholesterol levels
d. Diabetes

37. Which of the following is a common symptom of severely elevated blood pressure?

a. Headaches
b. Improved vision
c. Decreased heart rate
d. Enhanced cognitive function

38. What organ is particularly at risk when blood pressure remains consistently high?

a. Liver
b. Kidneys
c. Lungs
d. Stomach

39. In addition to lifestyle factors, what other contributing factor may lead to high blood pressure?

a. Low salt intake
b. Regular exercise
c. Genetic predisposition
d. Adequate sleep

40. What lifestyle modification is often recommended to manage or prevent high blood pressure?

a. Excessive sodium intake
b. Sedentary lifestyle
c. High alcohol consumption
d. Regular exercise and a balanced diet

41. What is a common nighttime symptom of sleep apnea?

a. Vivid dreams
b. Excessive snoring
c. Sleepwalking
d. Restless leg movements

42. What daytime symptom is frequently associated with sleep apnea?

a. Increased energy levels
b. Excessive daytime sleepiness
c. Improved concentration
d. Enhanced mood

43. ow might interrupted breathing episodes during sleep impact the body?

a. Improved oxygenation of the blood
b. Reduced stress hormone levels
c. Increased blood pressure
d. Enhanced immune function

44. What demographic is at a higher risk of developing sleep apnea?

a. Only females
b. Only individuals under 30
c. Males over 40, especially those overweight
d. Only children

45. In addition to snoring, what respiratory symptom is often associated with sleep apnea?

a. Rapid breathing
b. Shallow breathing
c. Wheezing
d. Pauses in breathing (apneas)

Medical and surgical nursing questions and answers 2023

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