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Get Rid of fatty liver disease Once and For All
Fatty liver disease, or steatosis, is a broad term that describes the build-up of fats in the liver. the main characteristic of the fatty liver disease is too much fat stored in liver cells. Lipid infiltration leads to hepatic stenosis or fatty liver, one of the most common metabolic diseases of the liver.
This pathologic process causes liver enlargement and increased firmness and may result in decreased function.
Fatty liver types:
i)Alcohol-Related Fatty Liver Disease or ALD.
ii)Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease of NAFLD.
According to the severity of Fatty liver disease, it is divided into 3.
Grade 1 Fatty liver disease.
Excess Fats are developed in the liver cells but are usually harmless. Normally it will be unnoticed in the body. Ultrasound finding will indicate increased liver echogenecity without haziness of vessel walls
Grade 2 Fatty liver disease.
In this condition, the liver becomes inflamed and it is a little more serious stage. Ultrasound finding will be increased liver echogenecity with haziness of vessel walls
Grade 3 Fatty liver disease.
This is a serious condition, the persistent inflammatory condition of liver cells leads to fibrosis. Ultrasound finding will be increased liver echogenicity leading to loss of normal contact between liver and diaphragm
Fatty liver disease causes:
The main cause of the alcohol-related fatty liver disease is the alcohol intake,
The nonalcoholic fatty liver is seen with idiopathic cause, but obesity or overweight, malnourishment, chronic viral hepatitis, metabolic syndrome, high levels of LDL, and triglycerides with low levels of HDL, etc will lead to Fatty liver disease.
Signs and symptoms (alcoholic and non-alcoholic):
Early symptoms include yellowish discoloration of the skin, sclera ie jaundice.
• A poor appetite.
• Weight loss.
• Abdominal pain.
• Physical weakness.
• Ankle swelling.
Physical examination: skin, sclera for jaundice, large belly, weight check,
Blood test: Liver function test, Lipid profile test.
Imaging test: Ultrasound abdomen, CT scan, MRI scan, etc also helps for diagnosis.
The main goals of prevention are;
For those with alcoholic liver disease, abstaining from alcohol is a must. For those with NALFD or Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), appropriate diet, weight loss, diabetes control, and cholesterol/triglyceride control are important both for treatment and to prevent the progression of the disease.
Fatty Liver Disease Diet
Omega-3 fatty acids are found in fish, fish oil, vegetable oils, nuts (especially walnuts), flaxseeds and flaxseed oil, and leafy veggies.
Monounsaturated fats are plentiful in plant sources, like olives, nuts, and avocados.
Steer clear of saturated fats, though. Eat less meat and fewer dairy products. Avoid baked goods and fried foods made with palm or coconut oils. These lead to more fatty deposits in your liver
You need to increase following food verities in your daily cooking menu.
Fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts, grains, olive oils and avoid or use minimum added sugar, salt, trans fat, refined carbohydrates, and saturated fat.
Fatty Liver Disease Treatment
The first and important is self-care and lifestyle changes.
Reducing the number of calories you eat each day can help you lose weight and heal your liver. You can also reverse fatty liver disease by reducing or eliminating fatty foods and foods high in sugar from your diet.
Choose healthier foods such as fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
Abstaining from alcohol is a must for those who have an alcoholic fatty liver.
Exercising regularly and eating a healthy diet are the most effective ways to achieve and maintain a healthy weight, immune system, and liver.
In fact, there is evidence to suggest that exercise itself (with or without weight loss) can prevent and reverse fatty liver disease.
Nursing Interventions for Clients with Fatty Infiltration of the Liver
- Directing attention to the correction of the cause(Abstinence from alcohol, control of diabetes, weight loss, or correction of the intestinal absorptive defect)
- Preparing the client for diagnostic procedures
- Giving emotional support by allowing verbalization of concerns and fears
- Giving supportive physical care including adequate nutritional intake
- Designing teaching guidelines that promote proper diet and prevent recurrence.
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