Anatomy And Physiology Multiple Choice Questions and Answers

Anatomy And Physiology Multiple Choice Questions and Answers

1. Proteins are made up of—–, joined together in a chain?
Carbohydrates
Starch
Genes
Amino acids

2. —– is a nucleic acid that is usually single-stranded?
Genes
RNA
DNA
Chromosomes

3. The smallest unit that scientists agree is alive is?
Atom
Molecule
Cell
Tissue

4. Endocytosis, exocytosis, and transcytosis are examples of?
Osmosis
Diffusion
Passive transport
Active transport

5. A difference in the number of positive and negative charges on the two sides of a membrane is referred to?
Action potential
Membrane potential
Membrane impulse
Charge difference


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6. The organelles within the cell whose main functions are digestion and hydrolysis?
Lysosomes
Ribosomes
Mitochondria
Golgi bodies

7. Which of the following system eliminates excess nitrogen from the body?
Digestive system
Urinary system
Respiratory system
Lymphatic system

8. Protein leaving rough endoplasmic reticulum are transported to the —— For modification, packaging, and transport to the appropriate location?
Ribosomes
Mitochondria
Golgi apparatus
Nucleus

9. The primary difference between cilia and flagella?
Length
Width
Flexibility
Function

10. During which phase the nuclear envelope dissolve and the chromatin condenses?
Metaphase
Prophase
Interphase
Intraphase

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11. During which phase, the individual chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell?
Metaphase
Prophase
Anaphase
Telephase

12. In which phase, the sister chromatids separate?
Interphase
Prophase
Anaphase
Telephase

13. Which of the following is a form of RNA that carries amino acids to the ribosome during protein synthesis?
mRNA
tRNA
rRNA
Genes

14. Which of the following form of RNA that is a physical component of the ribosome?
mRNA
tRNA
rRNA
Genes

14. The study of large body structures is called?
Gross anatomy
Regional anatomy
Systemic anatomy
Surface anatomy

15. The study of a body area such as foot is called?
Gross anatomy
Regional anatomy
Systemic anatomy
Microscopic anatomy


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16. The study of an organ system’s structure is called?
Histology
Systemic anatomy
Embryology
Developmental anatomy

17. The study of the relationship between internal structure and surface features of the body is called?
Histology
Embryology
Cytology
Surface anatomy

18. The study of small body structures, often too small to be seen with the naked eye?
Embryology
Cytology
Microscopic anatomy
Developmental anatomy

19. One common way to organize physiological knowledge is to classify it by?
Pathophysiology
Organ system
Physiology
None of these

20. Which system protects deeper tissues from injury
Immune system
Muskulo-skeleton system
Integumentary system
Lymphatic system

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21. The system which protects and supports body organs is called?
Immune system
Skeletal system
Nervous system
Integumentary system

23. The system which houses the blood-forming cells of the body is called?
Immune system
Skeletal system
Lymphatic system
Nervous system

24. Which system is a major source of heat by allowing us to maintain body temperature?
Skeletal system
Muscular system
Endocrine system
Integumentary system

25. Which of the following system regulates processes such as growth, reproduction, and nutrient use?
Cardiovascular system
Endocrine system
Nervous system
Respiratory system

26. Which of the following system picks up fluid ‘leaked’ from blood vessels and returns it to the blood?
Cardiovascular system
Lymphatic system
Digestive system
Immune system


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