Medical Abbreviations, Psychiatry Medical Abbreviations

Psychiatry Medical Abbreviations

  • ACCESS: Access to Community Care and Effective Services and Support
  • ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
  • ADS: Alcohol Dependence Syndrome
  • ASD: Autistic Spectrum Disorders
  • ATPD: Acute Transient Psychiatric Disorder
  • BDD: Body Dysmorphic Disorder
  • BPAD: Bipolar Affective Disorder
  • CD: Conduct Disorder
  • CDD: Childhood Disintegrated Disorder
  • CPZ: Chlorpromazine
  • CSA: Childhood Sexual Abuse
  • CT: Computed Tomography
  • DD: Dissociative Disorder
  • DMDD: Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder
  • DT: Delerium Tremens
  • EPS: Extrapyramidal Symptoms
  • ESD: Expressive Speech Delay
  • EUPD: Emotionally Unstable Personality Disorder
  • FDA: Food and Drug Administration
  • GDD: Global Developmental Disorder
  • HPL: Haloperidol
  • ICT: Information and Communication Technology
  • IDD: Intellectual Developmental Disorder(Deficit)
  • IED: Intermittent Explosive Disorder
  • IQ: Intelligent Quotient
  • MAOI: Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor
  • MDD: Major Depressive Disorder
  • MR: Mental Retardation
  • MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • NMS: Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
  • OCD: Obsessive-compulsive Disorder
  • PDD: Pervasive Developmental Disorder
  • PET: Positron Emission Tomography
  • PTSD: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • RDD: Recurrent Depressive Disorder
  • SDD: Specific Developmental Disorder
  • SDSS: Specific Developmental Delay in Scholastic Skills
  • SLD: Specific Learning Disorder
  • SPECT: Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography
  • SSRIs: Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
  • TD: Tardive Dyskinesia

Surgery Abbreviations

  • AAD: Atlanto-axial Dislocation
  • ACB: Aortocoronary Bypass
  • CABG: Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
  • COMMANDO: COMbined MAndibulectomy and Neck dissection Operation
  • DSA: Digital Subtraction Angiography
  • I&D: Incision and Drainage
  • IMF: Intermadibular Fixation
  • S/S: Signs and symptoms
  • SBO: Small Bowel Obstruction
  • SCZ: Schizophrenia
  • SHx: Surgical History
  • SOL: Space Occupying Lesion
  • SSS: Sick Sinus Syndrome
  • SVR: Systemic Vascular Resistance
  • TAVI: Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation
  • TAVR: Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
  • TEE: Transesophageal Echocardiogram
  • TGA: Transposition of Great Arteries
  • TOF: Tetralogy of Fallot
  • TURBT: Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumor
  • WNL: Within Normal Limit

Orthopaedic Surgery Abbreviations

  • #NOF: Fracture to the neck of the femur
  • AKA: Above Knee Amputation
  • BKA: Below Knee Amputation
  • ORIF: Open Reduction and Internal Fixation
  • THA: Total Hip Replacement
  • TKA: Total Knee Replacement

Obstetrics and Gynaecology Abbreviations

D&C: Dilatation and Curettage

LSCS: Lower Segmented Cesarean Section

S&O: Salpingo-Oopherectomy

SROM: Spontaneous Rupture of Membrane

STI: Sexually Transmitted Infection

TAH: Total Abdominal Hysterectomy

TAH-BSO: Total Abdominal Hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oopherectomy

TVH: Transvaginal Hysterectomy

Pharmacology Abbreviations

  • 5-FU: 5-fluorouracil
  • 5-HT: 5-hydroxytryptamine, that is Serotonin
  • IV: Intravenous
  • IVF: Intravenous Fluid
  • IM: Intramuscular
  • ID: Intradermal
  • IO: Intraosseous
  • 6MP: 6-mercaptopurine
  • SOS: if needed
  • SQ: Subcutaneous
  • Supp: Suppository
  • TbEC: Enteric Coated Tablet
  • TCA: Tricyclic Antidepressants
  • TCN: Tetracycline
  • Td: Tetanus and Diphtheria
  • Tr: Tincture

Mechanical Ventilator Related Medical Abbreviation

  • A/C: Assist/Control Mechanical Ventilation
  • ABG: Arterial Blood Gas
  • ARDS: Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
  • BiPAP: Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure
  • CMV: Controlled Mechanical Ventilation
  • COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  • CPAP: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
  • ET: Endotracheal Tube
  • f: Frequency
  • FiO2: Fraction of Inspired Oxygen
  • FRC: Functional Residual Capacity
  • HCO3: Bircarobnate
  • HFV: High Frequency Ventilation
  • HME: Heat Moisture Exchanger
  • I:E: Inspiratory: Expiratory Ratio
  • IPPV: Intermittent Positive Airway Pressure Ventilation
  • MV: Minute Volume
  • NIV: Non-invasive Ventilation
  • PaCO2: Partial Pressure of Carbon Dioxide
  • PaO2: Partial Pressure of Oxygen
  • PE: Pulmonary Embolus
  • PEEP: Positive End Expiratory Pressure
  • pH: Potential of Hydrogen or also known as Power of Hydrogen
  • PSV: Pressure Support Ventilation
  • RQ: Respiratory Quotient
  • RR: Respiratory Rate
  • SBT: Spontaneous Breathing Test
  • SIMV: Synchronized Intermittent Mechanical Ventilation
  • V/Q: Ventilation Perfusion Ratio
  • VAP: Ventilator Associated Pneumonia
  • VC: Vital Capacity
  • VT: Tidal Volume

Medical Abbreviations – Critical Care Nursing


  • A-aDO2: Alveolar-arterial oxygen difference
  • ABC: Airway, Breathing, Circulation
  • ABG: Arterial Blood Gas
  • ABx: Antibiotics
  • ACE: Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme
  • ACh: Acetylcholine
  • ACLS: Advanced Cardiac Life Support
  • ACS: Abdominal Compartment Syndrome
  • ACS: Acute Coronary Syndrome
  • ACT: Activated Clotting Time
  • ACTH: Adrenocorticotrophic hormone
  • AD: Auris Dexter (Right ear)
  • ADH: Antidiuretic hormone
  • ADP: Adenosine diphosphate
  • AF: Atrial Fibrillation
  • AFE: Amniotic Fluid Embolism
  • AGN: Acute Glomerulonephritis
  • AHP: Allied Health Professionals
  • AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
  • ALI: Acute Lung Injury
  • ALL: Acute Lymphatic Leukemia
  • ALS: Advanced Life Support
  • ALT: Alanine Aminotransferase
  • AML: Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • ANCA: Anti-Nuclear Cytoplasmic Antibodies
  • AP: Airway Pressure
  • APACHE: Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation
  • APC: Antigen-presenting Cell
  • APC: Atrial Premature Contraction
  • APTT: Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time
  • Aq: Aqueous
  • ARDS: Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
  • ARF: Acute Renal Failure
  • ASA: acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)
  • AST: Aspartate Transaminase
  • ATN: Acute Tubular Necrosis
  • ATP: Adenosine Triphosphate
  • AV: Atrioventricular
  • AU: both ear
  • aVF: Augmented Vector foot
  • aVL: Augmented Vector Left
  • aVR: Augmented Vector Right
  • AXR: Abdominal x-ray


  • bd: bis die (Twice daily)
  • BE: Barium Enema
  • BIS: Bispectral Index
  • BiPAP: Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure
  • biw: twice weekly
  • BM: Bowel Movement
  • BMR: Body Metabolism Rate
  • BMT: Bone marrow Transplant
  • BNP: Brain(B) – type natriuretic peptide
  • bp: boiling point
  • BP: Blood pressure
  • bpm: beats per minute
  • BSA: Body surface area
  • BSD: Brain Steam Death
  • Bx: Biopsy


  • C.diff: Clostridium Difficile
  • CABG: Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
  • CaCl2: Calcium chloride
  • CAD: Coronary Artery Disease
  • cAMP: Cyclic adenosine monophosphate
  • cap: Capsule
  • CAVH: Continuous arteriovenous haemofiltration
  • CBC: Complete Blood Count
  • CBD: Common Bile Duct
  • CBF: Cerebral Blood Flow
  • CBV: Cerebral Blood Volume
  • CCK: Cholecystokinin
  • CCU: Critical Care Unit
  • CF: Cystic Fibrosis
  • CFM: Cerebral Function Monitor
  • CFT: Complement Fixation Test
  • cGMP: Cyclic Guanosine Monophosphate
  • ChE: Cholinesterase
  • CI: Cardiac Index
  • CK: Creatinine Kinase
  • CLL: Chronic lymphatic leukaemia
  • CML: Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia
  • CMV: Controlled Mandatory Ventilation/ Cytomegalovirus
  • CNS: Central Nervous System
  • CO: Cardiac Output
  • c/o: complaints of
  • COP: Capillary Oncotic Output
  • COLD: Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease
  • COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  • CPAP: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
  • CPK: Creatinine Phosphokinase
  • CPP: Cerebral Perfusion Pressure
  • CPR: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
  • CRP: C-Reactive Protein
  • CRT: Capillary Refill Time
  • C/S: Cesarean Section
  • CSF: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • CSW: Cerebral Salt Wasting
  • CT: Computerized tomography
  • CVA: Cerebrovascular Accident
  • CVC: Central Venous Catheter
  • CVP: Central Venous Pressure
  • CVVH: Continuous Venovenous Haemofiltration
  • CVVHD: Continuous Venovenous Haemodialysis
  • CVVHDF: Continuous Venovenous Haemodiafiltration
  • CXR: Chest X-ray

Nursing Exams Important Points to Remember


  • DAI: Diffuse Axonal Injury
  • DEAF: Detection of Early Antigen Fluorescent Foci
  • DI: Diabetes Insipidus
  • diag: Diagnosis
  • dil: Dilute
  • DKA: Diabetic Ketoacidosis
  • DNR: Do Not Resuscitate
  • DO2: Oxygen delivery
  • DO2I: Oxygen delivery index
  • DOT: Directly Observed Therapy
  • DSA: Digital Subtraction Angiography
  • DVT: Deep Vein Thrombosis
  • DTR: Deep Tendon Reflex
  • Dx: Diagnosis


  • EBV: Epstein-Barr Virus
  • EBL: Estimated Blood Loss
  • ECC: Emergency Cardiac Care
  • ECG: Electrocardiogram
  • ECMO: Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
  • EDC: Estimated Date of Confinement
  • EDD: Estimated Delivery Date
  • EDH: Extradural hematoma
  • EDV: End Diastolic Volume
  • EEG: Electroencephalogram
  • EF: Ejection fraction
  • EFM: Electronic Fetal Monitoring
  • EMG: Electromyography
  • ER: Emergency Room
  • ERCP: Endoscopic Retrograde Cholecystic Pancreatogram
  • ESR: Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
    ESV: End Systolic Volume
  • ETT: Endotracheal Tube
  • ETCO2: End-tidal Carbon Dioxide Monitoring


  • FBS: Fasting Blood Sugar
  • Fe: Iron
  • fl: Fluid
  • FDPs: Fibrin Degradation Products
  • FEV1: Forced Expired Volume in 1 second
  • FFP: Fresh Frozen Plasma
  • FL: Femur Length
  • FiO2: Fractionated Inspired Oxygen Concentration
  • FNA: Fine Needle Aspiration
  • FRC: Functional Residual Capacity
  • FVC: Forced Vital Capacity
  • FT: Full Term

Anatomy and Physiology Quiz


  • g: Gram
  • gtt: drops
  • GBS: Guillan-Barre Syndrome
  • GCS: Glasgow Coma Scale
  • GFR: Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • GHB: Gamma Hydroxybutyrate
  • GHRH: Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone
  • GI: Gastrointestinal
  • GIK: Glucose-insulin-potassium
  • GLT: Glucose Loading Test
  • GM-CSF: Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating Factor
  • GSW: Gunshot wound
  • GTN: Glyceryl trinitrate


  • HADS: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale
  • HAI: Hospital Acquired Infection
  • Hb: Hemoglobin
  • HbA: Adult haemoglobin
  • HbCO: Carboxyhaemoglobin
  • HbS: Sickle cell haemoglobin
  • HELLP: Hemolysis, Elevated Liver Enzymes and Low Platelets
  • HEPA: High-Efficiency Particulate Air
  • HHS: Hyperosmolar, hyperglycemic states
  • HIT: Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia
  • HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  • HME: Heat Moisture Exchange
  • HOCM: Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy
  • HPA: Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal
  • HR: Heart Rate
  • HRS: Hepatorenal syndrome
  • HS: at bedtime
  • HUS: Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome


  • I:E: Inspiratory: Expiratory
  • IAH: Intra-abdominal pressure
  • inh: Inhalation
  • INH: Isoniazid
  • inj: Injection
  • IU: International Unit


  • JVP: Jugular Venous Pressure


  • KCL: Potassium Chloride
  • Kg: Kilogram
  • KPa: Kilopascal
  • KPTT: Kaolin Partial Thromboplastin Time


  • LAP: Left Atrial Pressure
  • LBBB: Left Bundle Branch Block
  • LDH: Lactic Dehydrogenase
  • LDL: Low-Density Lipoprotein
  • LFT: Liver Function Test
  • LiCl: Lithium chloride
  • Liq: Liquid
  • LMA: Laryngeal Mask Airway
  • LMWH: Low molecular-weight heparin
  • LOS: length of stay
  • LV: Left ventricle
  • LVED: Left ventricular end-diastolic
  • LVF: Left ventricular failure


  • MABP: Mean arterial blood pressure
  • MAOI: Monoamine oxidase inhibitor
  • MAP: Mean Arterial Pressure
  • MARS: Molecular Absorption Recycling System
  • MC&S: Microscopy, Culture and Sensitivity
  • mcg: microgram
  • MDI: Metered Dose Inhaler
  • MDMA: Methylenedioxymethamphetamine
  • MET: Medical Emergency Team
  • mEq: Milliequivalent
  • MetHb: methaemoglobin
  • MEWS: Modified Early Warning Score
  • MG: Myasthenia Gravis
  • MI: Myocardial Infarction
  • mg: milligram
  • MODS: Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome
  • MPAP: Mean Pulmonary Artery Pressure
  • MRSA: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
  • MW: Molecular Weight


  • NAC: n-acetylcystein
  • ng: nanogram
  • NG: Nasogastric
  • NIDDM: Non-insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
  • NiPPY: Non-invasive Positive Pressure Ventilator
  • NMBA: Neuromuscular Blocking Agents
  • NO: Nitric Oxide
  • NSAIDs: Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs


  • O2ER: Oxygen Extraction Ratio
  • OD: Once Daily


  • PA: Pulmonary Artery
  • PAOP: Pulmonary Artery Occlusion Pressure
  • PAWP: Pulmonary Artery Wedge Pressure
  • PCA: Patient-controlled Analgesia
  • PCI: Percutaneous Intervention
  • PCP: Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumona
  • PCR: Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • PCV: Packed Cell Volume
  • PCWP: Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure
  • PD: Peritoneal Dialysis
  • PEA: Pulseless Electrical Activity
  • PEG: Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy
  • PEJ: Percuatneous Jejunostomy Tube
  • PERT: Patient Emergency Response Team
  • PiCCO: Pulse Contour Cardiac Output Monitor
  • PPI: Proton Pumb Inhibitor
  • ppm: parts per million
  • PR: Per Rectum
  • PRN: Pro re nata – as required
  • PO: to be taken orally
  • PSTD: Post traumatic stress syndrome
  • PT: Prothrombin Time
  • PVC: Polyvinyl Chloride
  • PVR: Pulmonary Vascular Resistance
  • PX: plasma exchange


  • QALY: Quality-adjusted life year
  • Qs/Qt: shunt fraction
  • QT: Q-T interval


  • RA: Right atrium
  • RAA: Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone (Pathway)
  • RASS: Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale
  • RBBB: Right Bundle Branch Block
  • RBC: Red Blood Cell
  • RCT: Randomised Controlled trial
  • REM: Rapid Eye Movement
  • ROM: Range of Motion
  • RR: Relative Risk
  • RRT: Renal Replacement Therapy
  • RSBI: Rapid shallow breathing index
  • rTPA: Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator
  • RV: Right Ventricle


  • SA: Sinoatrial
  • SAH: Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
  • SALT: Speech and Language Therapist
  • SaO2: Arterial Oxygen Saturation
  • SAPS: Simplified Acute Physiology Score
  • SARS: : Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
  • SBAR: Situation, Background, Assessment, Recommendation
  • SBE: Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis
  • SBP: Systolic Blood Pressure
  • SCUF: Slow continuous ultrafiltration
  • SD: Standard Deviation
  • SDD: Selective Decontamination of the Digestive Tract
  • SDH: Subdural hematoma
  • SE: Status Epilepticus
  • SIADH: Syndrome of Inappropriate Secretion of Antidiuretic Hormone
  • SIP: Sickness Impact Profile
  • SIRS: Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
  • SLE: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
  • SOFA: Sequential Organ Failure Assessment
  • SpO2: Pulse Oximeter Oxygen Saturation
  • SVR: Systemic Vascular Resistance
  • SVT: Supraventricular Tachycardia


  • TB: Tuberculosis
  • TBG: Thyroxine-binding globulin
  • TBI: Traumatic Brain Injury
  • TCD: Transcranial Doppler
  • TED: Thrombo-embolism deterrent
  • TENS: Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation
  • TIPSS: Transjugular intrahepatic Portal Systemic Shunt
  • TISS: Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System
  • TMA: Thrombotic Microangiopathy
  • TMP: Transmembrane Pressure
  • TNF: Tumor Necrosis Factor
  • tPA: Tissue Plasminogen Activator
  • TPN: Total Parenteral Nutrition
  • TRALI: Transfusion Related Acute Lung Injury
  • TRH: Thyrotrophin-releasing hormone
  • tSAH: Traumatic Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
  • TSH: Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
  • TT: Thrombin Time
  • TTP: Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
  • TURP: Trans Urethral Resection of Prostate


  • UA: Unstable Angina
  • U&E: Urea and Electrolytes
  • UPS: Uninterrupted Power Supply
  • UTI: Urinary Tract Infection


  • V: Ventilation
  • VEs: Ventricular Premature Contractions (Ectopics)
  • VMA: Vanilylmandelic Acid
  • VO2I: Oxygen Consumption Index
  • VF: Ventricular Fibrillation
  • VSD: Ventricular septal defect
  • VT: Ventricular Tachycardia
  • VZE: Varicella Zoster Encephalitis


  • WBC: White Blood Cell
  • WBPTT: Whole Blood Partial Thromboplastin Time
  • WCC: White Cell Count
  • WG: Wegener’s Granulomatosis
  • WPW: Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome
  • WTE: Whole Time Equivalent





Community Health Nursing – Abbreviations

BHW: Basic Health Worker

MHW: Multipurpose Health Worker

ROME: Re-orientation of Medical Education

FHW: Female Health Worker

Nursing Quizzes

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