Important Psychiatric Terms

Important Psychiatric Terms

Important Psychiatric terms are the terms you might hear it rarely but important for exams

Psychogenic Fugue: Also known as Dissociative fugue, is an amnesic dissociated state in which the individual flees or runs away from home, forgets his past but not the basic skills

Autoscopy (Phantom Mirror image): The person sees himself (nearby area) and knows that it is him. Sometimes seen in normal subjects when they are depressed or emotionally disturbed

Negative Autoscopy: The patient looks in the mirror and sees no image

Rumination: The act of persistently pondering about a problem

Truancy: Absence of school without permission

Lilliputian hallucination: – The object appears either smaller or larger than they actually are(Micropsia or macropsia). It is seen in Alice in Wonderland Syndrome

Coprolalia: Forced vocalization/repetition of obscene words or phrases

Psychalgia: Patient complaints of severe prolonged pain without any organic pathology

Neurasthenia: It is a neurotic condition marked by fatigue, insomnia, aches, pains, irritability, depression, and difficulty in concentration

Mongolism: Also known as Down syndrome.

A chromosomal disorder characterized by an extra chromosome, (trisomy 21) Mongoloid features, a round flat face, eyes seem to slant, mildly or severely retarded

Intentional Torts: Intentional torts are when others interfere in an individual’s privacy, mobility, property, or personal interests. Eg:- Battery, Assault, False imprisonment, Defamation, violation of privacy

Suicide – Types (Psychiatric Terms)

Altruistic suicide:-

a suicide associated with excessive integration with a group.

For example, suicide by old people who believe they are a burden to their families

Egoistic suicide:-

a type of suicide that is the result of the individual feelings of extreme alienation from others and from society in general. For example, an extremely sincere and honest worker in a corrupt setting

Anomic suicide:-

a type of suicide caused by the disorientation of the individual after an unfavorable change in a financial or social situation due to loss of money in business

Samsonic suicide or suicide of revenge:-

To spite others or experiencing as being unfriendly

LSD: Lysergic acid triethylamine

Most potent hallucinogens leading to addiction

Frottage:- the practice of touching or rubbing against the clothed body of another person in a crowd as a means of obtaining sexual gratification.

Bestiality:- Sexual excitement or gratification through intercourse or other sexual contacts with animals

Frigidity:- it is a female sexual disorder in which there is partial or complete lack of sexual enjoyment or satisfaction

Sodomy: Also known as Buggary or anal intercourse

Autoerotism: also known as onanism or masturbation

Psychogenic amnesia: It is a sudden failure to recall one’s own identity

Moral Pigeon-Holing: it is putting a person in a right and wrong category (one of the Basic principle of understanding)

Phobias:-

Arachnophobia:

Fear of spiders

Gamophobia:

Fear of marriage

Hemophobia/ Hematophobia:

Fear of blood

Astraphobia:

Fear of thunderstorms

La Belle Indifference:

A condition in which the person is unconcerned with symptoms caused by a conversion disorder. Lack of emotion or concern for the perception by others of one’s disability, usually seen in persons with conversion disorder

Pyromania:

It is an impulse control disorder in which individuals repeatedly fail to resist impulses to deliberately start fires, in order to relieve tension or for gratification

Dipsomania:

Uncontrollable craving for alcohol or compulsive drinking of alcohol

AIIMS Nursing Officer Exam Previous Questions and Answers

Navodaya Vidyalaya Previous Questions and answers

Please Subscribe Our YouTube channel – The Nurse

Like our Facebook Page: The Nurse

Please Subscribe to get all our posts in your mail inbox