100 Important Nursing Exam Questions and Answers
1. Thin superficial compact layer of decidua’s covering the blastocyst is called as?
A. Decidua basalis
B. Decidua capsularis
C. Decidua parietalis
D. Decidua Vera
2. the First case of Covid positive case in India reported in?
3. The epithelial tissue which is found in the uterine tubes is?
4. The part of the fetus which occupies the lower pole of the uterus is called?
5. Low levels of maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein levels are found in
A. Open neural tube defect
B. Down syndrome
C. Multiple pregnancies
6. Passive movement of the head due to untwisting of the neck sustained during internal rotation is called?
7. Most common cause of postpartum hemorrhage
A. Bleeding disorders
B. Abruptio placenta
C. Placenta previa
D. Atonic uterus
8. The type of abnormality where the umbilical cord is attached to membranes is called?
A. Battledore placenta
B. Velamentous placenta
C. Circumvallate placenta
D. Placenta marginata
9. The total lung capacity in a healthy adult male is approximate?
A. 500 mL
B. 5000 mL
C. 6000 mL
D. 6000 L
10. The ideal roller bandage application for body parts where the thickness varies, such as over the forearm, is?
A. Simple spiral
B. Figure of eight
C. Reverse spiral
D. Divergent Spica
11. The external rotation of the hip in the supine position, is prevented by using?
A. Bed cradle
C. Trochanter roll
D. Knee rest
12. In postural drainage ‘supine in Trendelenburg’s position is given to drain secretions from?
A. Anterior segment of both lower lobes of lungs
B. Posterior segment of both lower lobes of lungs
C. Lateral segment of the left lower lobe
D. Lateral segment of right lower lobe
13. A simple and cost-effective method for reducing the risk of hypostatic pneumonia in a bedridden patient is?
C. Frequent change of positions
D. Humidified oxygen
14. When transporting a patient with intercostal drainage (ICD) tubes the nurse should be aware that?
A. Clamp the chest tube and keep the drainage system below the chest
B. Clamp the chest tube and keep the drainage system on the trolley
C. Do not clamp the chest tube and keep the drainage system below the chest
D. Do not clamp the chest tube and keep the drainage system on the trolley
15. Which among the following is an example of an isotonic intravenous solution?
A. Dextrose normal saline
B. 10% Dextrose
C. 0.45% NaCl
D. Ringer’s Lactate
16. WHO declared the 2019-novel Coronavirus outbreak as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) on?
A. January 30, 2020
B. January 13, 2020
C. January 23, 2020
D. January 27, 2020
17. First death due to COVID was reported in which district in Kerala?
18. In Hildegard Peplau’s Interpersonal Relations Model, the focus is on which of the following?
C. Larger society
19. Which of the following cells of the body are in almost constant mitosis?
A. Nerve cells
B. Stomach cells
C. Muscle cells
D. Renal cells
20. In which of the following clients is a rectal temperature most usually contraindicated?
A. Client who has had a myocardial infarction
B. Client with Parkinson’s disease
C. Client who is prone to seizures
D. Client with neuropathology associated with diabetes
Nursing Exam Questions and Answers
21. Which of the following people have the largest percentage of water in their bodies?
A. Fat men
B. Lean men
C. Lean women
D. Fat women
22. A complete set of chromosomes containing all the genetic information of an individual is called?
A. Their genome
B. Their genotype
C. Their autosome
D. Their sequence
23. The location of a specific gene on a chromosome is called?
A. The gene position
B. The gene location
C. The gene pocus
D. The gene locus
24. Brownish black pigmented area in the midline of the abdomen of a pregnant woman extending from xiphisternum to symphysis pubis?
A. Striae gravidarum
B. Chloasma gravidarum
C. Linea alba
D. Linea nigra
25. In meiosis, how many daughter cells are produced?
26. Which hormone, produced by the ovaries, inhibits the secretion of FSH and LH?
27. The acrosome of sperm contains?
B. Lysosomal enzymes
C. Nuclear material
D. All of the above
28. Which blood group can be transfused into an O Rh− patient?
C. AB Rh+
D. AB Rh−
29. What is the first line of defense in any immune response?
A. Anatomical, mechanical and chemical barriers
B. B- and T-lymphocytes
30. Creatinine is a metabolic waste product excreted in urine and derived from?
Nursing Questions NCLEX
31. Through which arteriole does blood exit the glomerular capsule?
32. The group of modified cells lying adjacent to the afferent and efferent arterioles is called?
A. The renal corpuscle
B. The juxtaglomerular apparatus
C. The peritubular network
D. The vasa recta
33. The mucosa of the large intestine produces ………….secretions?
D. Both alkaline and acidic
34. In the body, the liver is described as?
A. The heaviest and largest organ
B. The heaviest and second-largest organ
C. The largest and second heaviest organ
D. The second largest and second heaviest organ
35. Intrinsic factor is produced by which cells within the stomach?
A. Mucous cells
B. Chief cells
C. Enteroendocrine cells
D. Parietal cells
36. The enzyme pepsin digests which dietary component?
37. The primary phase in the regulation of gastric secretion and motility is called?
A. The swallowing phase
B. The gastric phase
C. The cephalic phase
D. The intestinal phase
38. The exchange of gases between alveoli and their surrounding capillaries is called …….respiration.
D. Both external and internal
39. The wandering phagocytes found in the alveoli are called?
A. Alveolar macrophages
B. Pulmonary cells
C. Goblet cells
D. Chalice cells
40. The pharynx is divided into how many sub-divisions?
41. The two main factors for determining blood pressure are peripheral resistance and………..
A. Cardiac output
C. Pulse pressure.
D. Pulse deficit
42. Which of the following is an example of a peptide hormone?
43. Which hormone acts on the intestines and causes increased calcium absorption?
D. Pancreatic polypeptide
44. Melatonin is secreted by?
A. The pancreas
B. The pineal gland
C. The keratinocytes of the skin
D. The ovaries
45. Receptors are found all over the body and make us aware of the position and movement of the body in relation to its surrounding environment and body parts in relation to each other?
C. Sensory receptors
D. Neural receptors
46. Each cerebral hemisphere is divided into how many lobes?
47. Which of the following substances is not present in sweat?
• lactic acid
urine and feces.
48. The dermis contains which of the following?
• blood vessels
• sweat glands
• sensory nerve endings
• sebaceous glands
49. For active management of the third stage of labor the nurse should administer?
• Oxytocin 10 units within 1 minute
• Oxytocin 10 units within 5 minutes
• Oxytocin 5 units within 1 minute
• Oxytocin 5 units within 5 minutes
50. In the human body, enzyme activity is most efficient at?
51. Cellular respiration is defined as:
• an intracellular, energy-producing process
• an extracellular, energy-producing process
• an intracellular, energy-requiring process
• an extracellular, energy-requiring process Cellular
52. What does AVPU stand for?
• Alert, Voice, Pain, Unresponsive
• Awake, Voice, Pain, Unresponsive
• Alive, Voice, Pinch, Unresponsive
• Asleep, Voice, Pain, Unresponsive
53. Which of the following is a mental health nursing model?
54. Sources of literature include _______?
• all of these
55. What type of questioning might be used in a patient assessment?
• open and closed
• open and shut
• exposed and closed
• out and in
56. Non-verbal communication makes up __ of all communication?
57. The cognitive-developmental approach examines __.?
• the reasons for the onset of depression
• intelligent behavior in children
• professional socialization
• onset of dementia
58. Method of teaching in which an excursion to the patient’s area is arranged to provide a learning experience to the students is
• Case presentation
• Nursing rounds
• Morning report
• Process recording
59. The most abundant tissue in the human body is?
60. In following which substance is not transported across the cell membrane by simple diffusion?
• Fatty acids
61. Who is the director of health services, Kerala?
• Mrs. K K Shailaja
• Dr. Sarita R L
• Dr. Ravi R Menon
• Dr. Zerena Begum
62. Which year is declared as the Year of Nurses and midwives by WHO?
63. The heart is developed from which embryonic structure?
• Paraxial mesoderm
• Intermediate mesoderm
• Splanchnopleuric intraembryonic mesoderm
• Somatopleuric intraembryonic mesoderm
64. Medulla oblongata is also called?
65. Posterior cerebral artery is a branch of which of these?
• Vertebral artery
• Basilar artery
• Posterior cerebral artery
• Posterior choroidal artery
66. In nursing services administration, who is responsible inventory control at lower managerial level?
• Staff nurse
• Assistant Nursing Superintendent
• Nursing Superintendent
• Head nurse
67. Which of the following is not a clinical method of teaching?
• Case methods/case study
• Nursing rounds and reports
• Process recording
68. Quality assurance is concerned with?
• Adequacy of care
• Practice ratings
• Standard of practice
• Organizational practice
69. Who has given 14 principles of management?
• Daniel fraud
• Henry Fayol
• Mary Follet
70. Which of the following is an autocratic method of teaching?
• Independent study
71. The department that is responsible for maintaining copies of all records related to patients?
• Information System Department
• Medical Record Department
• Nursing Information system department
• Department of Hospital Information System
72. Standard deviation is a measure of?
• Central tendency
• Deviation from a mean value
73. Right to Information Act came into existence in which year?
74. Which of the following is not required in the consent form?
• Address of researcher
• Name of researcher
• Phone no. of the researcher
• Income of the researcher
75. The variable that is manipulated in an experiment
• Independent variable
• Criteria variable
• Dependent variable
• Controller variable
76. Which of the following would not be in a research proposal?
• Time frame
77. Teaching method in which students learn to do critical thinking through discussion and interaction and develop higher analytical cognitive skills is?
• Panel discussion.
78. Deformity of……………bone resulting in Sprengel’s shoulder?
79. For assessing the gestational age of a preterm infant the nurse should use…………?
• Palmar creases
• Reflex stability
• Breast bud size
• Head to toe length
80. Invertogram is used for the diagnosis of?
• Anorectal malformations
• Tracheoesophageal fistula
• Cleft lip and palate
• Hirschsprung disease
81. ADHD is usually treated with?
82. The type of delusion commonly seen in depression is/are?
• Delusion of poverty
• Delusion of Nihilism
• Delusion of persecution
• All the above
83. The priority nursing intervention for a client who is admitted with paranoid schizophrenia is?
• Establish a structured daily routine
• Plan a program of self-fulfillment.
• Provide patient and others with a safe environment
• Do a mini-mental status examination
84. The part of the mind that distinguishes right from wrong and acts as a censor of behavior is known as?
85. An alcoholic client experiencing burning and tingling sensations of the feet. It is suggestive of
• Peripheral neuropathy
• Wernicke’s encephalopathy
• Korkoff’s psychosis
86. The denominator used to calculate the literacy rate of the Indian population is:
• Population aged 18 years or more
• Population aged 7 years or more
• School going population
• Total mid-year population
87. Limit for registration of birth is?
• 7 days
• 21 days
• 14 days
• All of the above
88. Which one of the following is NOT a socio-economic indicator?
• Literacy rate
• Family size
• Life expectancy at birth
89. Smallpox vaccine was invented by?
• Louis Pasteur
• Paul Eugene
• Edward Jenner
• John Snow
90. Scotch tape swab is used to identify?
91. Amoebiasis is transmitted through?
92. Maximum amount of vitamin D is found in which among the following?
• Egg yolk
• Cod liver oil
93. Phosphatase test is used for?
• To test the presence of nitric acid
• To determine the type of methemoglobinemia, a blood disorder.
• Test for the efficacy of pasteurization of milk
• None of the above
94. 3D’s (diarrhea, dementia, dermatitis) are the characteristic of which deficiency disorder?
95. Which of the following antitubercular drugs causes red-orange discoloration of urine?
96. Which of the following type of insulin is prescribed for a client with diabetic ketoacidosis?
• Long-acting insulin
• Lente insulin
• Human Regular insulin
• Human NPH insulin
97. Imipramine is an antidepressant of which group?
• Tricyclic antidepressant (TCA)
• Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)
• Monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI)
• Non-selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
98. The priority nursing diagnosis for the client with a tracheostomy is?
• Pain related to tracheostomy
• Impaired verbal communication related to tracheostomy procedure
• Ineffective airway clearance related to increased tracheobronchial secretions
• Risk for impaired skin integrity related to tracheostomy incision
99. Absence of bowel sounds and abdominal distention after abdominal surgery indicates?
• Paralytic ileus
100. Unwanted but unavoidable pharmacodynamics effects of a drug at the therapeutic dose is known as?
• Side effects
• Toxic effects
101. Parkinson’s disease is caused by the deficiency of which of the following neurotransmitters?
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Important Nursing Questions and Answers
1. A patient with a diagnosis of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is admitted to ICU. All of the following is the appropriate nursing diagnoses for this patient, except:
a. Fluid volume excess
b. Decreased RBC
c. Electrolyte imbalance
d. Impaired immune function
2. Which of the following blood pressure reading of a child aged between 3 and 5 years is considered abnormal?
a. 96/42 mm Hg
b. 105/60 mm Hg
c. 112/65 mm Hg
d. 115/66 mm Hg
3. A 70-year-old female patient is scheduled for surgery in two hours. Which of the following laboratory findings warrant the most immediate notification of the physician?
a. Prothrombin time 22 seconds
b. Hemoglobin 11 g/dL
c. Creatinine 1.0 mg/dL
d. Potassium 4.6 mEq/dL
4. The nurse is preparing to administer a vaginal cream to her assigned patient with the help of an applicator. Which among the following instructions the nurse would tell the patient for proper use of vaginal cream at home?
a. Make sure to empty the bladder before receiving this drug
b. Remain lying down for 10 minutes after taking this drug
c. Insert applicator approximately 5 to 7.5 cm
d. All of the above
5. A nurse inspects a two-day-old intravenous site and identifies erythema, warmth, and mild edema. The client reports tenderness when the area is palpated. What should the nurse do first?
a. Irrigate the IV tubing
b. Discontinue the infusion
c. Slow the rate of the infusion
d. Obtain a prescription for an analgesic
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