100 Important Nursing Exam Questions and Answers

100 Important Nursing Exam Questions and Answers

1. Thin superficial compact layer of decidua’s covering the blastocyst is called as?
A. Decidua basalis
B. Decidua capsularis
C. Decidua parietalis
D. Decidua Vera

2. the First case of Covid positive case in India reported in?
A. Kerala
B. Tamilnadu
C. Gujarat
D. Maharashtra

3. The epithelial tissue which is found in the uterine tubes is?
A. Squamous
B. Ciliated
C. Columnar
D. simple

4. The part of the fetus which occupies the lower pole of the uterus is called?
A. Lie
B. Presentation
C. Denominator
D. Position

5. Low levels of maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein levels are found in
A. Open neural tube defect
B. Down syndrome
C. Multiple pregnancies
D. Rh-isoimmunisation

6. Passive movement of the head due to untwisting of the neck sustained during internal rotation is called?
A. Flexion
B. Extension
C. Restitution
D. Descent

7. Most common cause of postpartum hemorrhage
A. Bleeding disorders
B. Abruptio placenta
C. Placenta previa
D. Atonic uterus

8. The type of abnormality where the umbilical cord is attached to membranes is called?
A. Battledore placenta
B. Velamentous placenta
C. Circumvallate placenta
D. Placenta marginata

9. The total lung capacity in a healthy adult male is approximate?
A. 500 mL
B. 5000 mL
C. 6000 mL
D. 6000 L

10. The ideal roller bandage application for body parts where the thickness varies, such as over the forearm, is?
A. Simple spiral
B. Figure of eight
C. Reverse spiral
D. Divergent Spica

11. The external rotation of the hip in the supine position, is prevented by using?
A. Bed cradle
B. Bedboard
C. Trochanter roll
D. Knee rest

12. In postural drainage ‘supine in Trendelenburg’s position is given to drain secretions from?
A. Anterior segment of both lower lobes of lungs
B. Posterior segment of both lower lobes of lungs
C. Lateral segment of the left lower lobe
D. Lateral segment of right lower lobe

13. A simple and cost-effective method for reducing the risk of hypostatic pneumonia in a bedridden patient is?
A. Antibiotics
B. Nebulization
C. Frequent change of positions
D. Humidified oxygen

14. When transporting a patient with intercostal drainage (ICD) tubes the nurse should be aware that?
A. Clamp the chest tube and keep the drainage system below the chest
B. Clamp the chest tube and keep the drainage system on the trolley
C. Do not clamp the chest tube and keep the drainage system below the chest
D. Do not clamp the chest tube and keep the drainage system on the trolley

15. Which among the following is an example of an isotonic intravenous solution?
A. Dextrose normal saline
B. 10% Dextrose
C. 0.45% NaCl
D. Ringer’s Lactate

16. WHO declared the 2019-novel Coronavirus outbreak as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) on?
A. January 30, 2020
B. January 13, 2020
C. January 23, 2020
D. January 27, 2020

17. First death due to COVID was reported in which district in Kerala?
A. Kasaragod
B. Ernakulam
C. Trivandrum
D. Malappuram

18. In Hildegard Peplau’s Interpersonal Relations Model, the focus is on which of the following?
A. Individual
B. Community
C. Larger society
D. Family

19. Which of the following cells of the body are in almost constant mitosis?
A. Nerve cells
B. Stomach cells
C. Muscle cells
D. Renal cells

20. In which of the following clients is a rectal temperature most usually contraindicated?
A. Client who has had a myocardial infarction
B. Client with Parkinson’s disease
C. Client who is prone to seizures
D. Client with neuropathology associated with diabetes

Nursing Exam Questions and Answers

21. Which of the following people have the largest percentage of water in their bodies?
A. Fat men
B. Lean men
C. Lean women
D. Fat women

22. A complete set of chromosomes containing all the genetic information of an individual is called?
A. Their genome
B. Their genotype
C. Their autosome
D. Their sequence

23. The location of a specific gene on a chromosome is called?
A. The gene position
B. The gene location
C. The gene pocus
D. The gene locus

24. Brownish black pigmented area in the midline of the abdomen of a pregnant woman extending from xiphisternum to symphysis pubis?
A. Striae gravidarum
B. Chloasma gravidarum
C. Linea alba
D. Linea nigra

25. In meiosis, how many daughter cells are produced?
A. 8
B. 6
C. 4
D. 2

26. Which hormone, produced by the ovaries, inhibits the secretion of FSH and LH?
A. Progesterone
B. Estrogen
C. Inhibin

27. The acrosome of sperm contains?
A. Mitochondria
B. Lysosomal enzymes
C. Nuclear material
D. All of the above

28. Which blood group can be transfused into an O Rh− patient?
A. Rh−
B. Rh+
C. AB Rh+
D. AB Rh−

29. What is the first line of defense in any immune response?
A. Anatomical, mechanical and chemical barriers
B. B- and T-lymphocytes
C. Antibodies
D. Macrophages

30. Creatinine is a metabolic waste product excreted in urine and derived from?
A. Liver
B. Muscle
C. Bone
D. Skin

Nursing Questions NCLEX

31. Through which arteriole does blood exit the glomerular capsule?
A. Afferent
B. Efferent
C. Renal
D. Interlobular

32. The group of modified cells lying adjacent to the afferent and efferent arterioles is called?
A. The renal corpuscle
B. The juxtaglomerular apparatus
C. The peritubular network
D. The vasa recta

33. The mucosa of the large intestine produces ………….secretions?
A. Alkaline
B. Acidic
C. Neutral
D. Both alkaline and acidic

34. In the body, the liver is described as?
A. The heaviest and largest organ
B. The heaviest and second-largest organ
C. The largest and second heaviest organ
D. The second largest and second heaviest organ

35. Intrinsic factor is produced by which cells within the stomach?
A. Mucous cells
B. Chief cells
C. Enteroendocrine cells
D. Parietal cells

36. The enzyme pepsin digests which dietary component?
A. Protein
B. Fat
C. Carbohydrate
D. Vitamins

37. The primary phase in the regulation of gastric secretion and motility is called?
A. The swallowing phase
B. The gastric phase
C. The cephalic phase
D. The intestinal phase

38. The exchange of gases between alveoli and their surrounding capillaries is called …….respiration.
A. External
B. Internal
C. Intrinsic
D. Both external and internal

39. The wandering phagocytes found in the alveoli are called?
A. Alveolar macrophages
B. Pulmonary cells
C. Goblet cells
D. Chalice cells

40. The pharynx is divided into how many sub-divisions?
A. 2
B. 3
C. 4
D. 5

41. The two main factors for determining blood pressure are peripheral resistance and………..
A. Cardiac output
B. Age
C. Pulse pressure.
D. Pulse deficit

42. Which of the following is an example of a peptide hormone?
A. Aldosterone
B. Serotonin
C. Gastrin
D. Prostaglandins

43. Which hormone acts on the intestines and causes increased calcium absorption?
A. Calcitonin
B. Calcitriol
C. Thyroxine
D. Pancreatic polypeptide

44. Melatonin is secreted by?
A. The pancreas
B. The pineal gland
C. The keratinocytes of the skin
D. The ovaries

45. Receptors are found all over the body and make us aware of the position and movement of the body in relation to its surrounding environment and body parts in relation to each other?
A. Proprioceptors
B. Retroceptors
C. Sensory receptors
D. Neural receptors

46. Each cerebral hemisphere is divided into how many lobes?
• 2
• 3
• 4
• 5

47. Which of the following substances is not present in sweat?
• Urea
• Calcium
• lactic acid
• water

urine and feces.
48. The dermis contains which of the following?
• blood vessels
• sweat glands
• sensory nerve endings
• sebaceous glands

49. For active management of the third stage of labor the nurse should administer?
• Oxytocin 10 units within 1 minute
• Oxytocin 10 units within 5 minutes
• Oxytocin 5 units within 1 minute
• Oxytocin 5 units within 5 minutes

50. In the human body, enzyme activity is most efficient at?
• 0°C
• 37°C
• 42°C
• 60°C

51. Cellular respiration is defined as:
• an intracellular, energy-producing process
• an extracellular, energy-producing process
• an intracellular, energy-requiring process
• an extracellular, energy-requiring process Cellular

52. What does AVPU stand for?
• Alert, Voice, Pain, Unresponsive
• Awake, Voice, Pain, Unresponsive
• Alive, Voice, Pinch, Unresponsive
• Asleep, Voice, Pain, Unresponsive

53. Which of the following is a mental health nursing model?
• King
• Neumann
• Casey
• Peplau

54. Sources of literature include _______?
• books
• internet
• journals
• all of these

55. What type of questioning might be used in a patient assessment?
• open and closed
• open and shut
• exposed and closed
• out and in

56. Non-verbal communication makes up __ of all communication?
• 50%
• 65%
• 85%
• 100%

57. The cognitive-developmental approach examines __.?
• the reasons for the onset of depression
• intelligent behavior in children
• professional socialization
• onset of dementia

58. Method of teaching in which an excursion to the patient’s area is arranged to provide a learning experience to the students is
• Case presentation
• Nursing rounds
• Morning report
• Process recording

59. The most abundant tissue in the human body is?
• Epithelial
• Connective
• Muscle
• Nervous

60. In following which substance is not transported across the cell membrane by simple diffusion?
• Fatty acids
• Oxygen
• Glucose
• Steroids

61. Who is the director of health services, Kerala?
• Mrs. K K Shailaja
• Dr. Sarita R L
• Dr. Ravi R Menon
• Dr. Zerena Begum

62. Which year is declared as the Year of Nurses and midwives by WHO?
• 2021
• 2020
• 2019
• 2018

63. The heart is developed from which embryonic structure?
• Paraxial mesoderm
• Intermediate mesoderm
• Splanchnopleuric intraembryonic mesoderm
• Somatopleuric intraembryonic mesoderm

64. Medulla oblongata is also called?
• Prosencephalon
• Myelencephalon
• Mesencephalon
• Metencephalon

65. Posterior cerebral artery is a branch of which of these?
• Vertebral artery
• Basilar artery
• Posterior cerebral artery
• Posterior choroidal artery

66. In nursing services administration, who is responsible inventory control at lower managerial level?
• Staff nurse
• Assistant Nursing Superintendent
• Nursing Superintendent
• Head nurse

67. Which of the following is not a clinical method of teaching?
• Case methods/case study
• Nursing rounds and reports
• Process recording
• Seminar

68. Quality assurance is concerned with?
• Adequacy of care
• Practice ratings
• Standard of practice
• Organizational practice

69. Who has given 14 principles of management?
• Daniel fraud
• Henry Fayol
• Mary Follet
• Taylor

70. Which of the following is an autocratic method of teaching?
• Lecture
• Tutorial
• Demonstration
• Independent study

71. The department that is responsible for maintaining copies of all records related to patients?
• Information System Department
• Medical Record Department
• Nursing Information system department
• Department of Hospital Information System

72. Standard deviation is a measure of?
• Chance
• Central tendency
• Deviation from a mean value
• None

73. Right to Information Act came into existence in which year?
• 1985
• 2001
• 1999
• 2005

74. Which of the following is not required in the consent form?
• Address of researcher
• Name of researcher
• Phone no. of the researcher
• Income of the researcher

75. The variable that is manipulated in an experiment
• Independent variable
• Criteria variable
• Dependent variable
• Controller variable

76. Which of the following would not be in a research proposal?
• Budget
• Methods
• Time frame
• Results

77. Teaching method in which students learn to do critical thinking through discussion and interaction and develop higher analytical cognitive skills is?
• Seminar
• Panel discussion.
• Symposium
• Lecture

78. Deformity of……………bone resulting in Sprengel’s shoulder?
• Scapula
• Radius
• Ulna
• Tibia

79. For assessing the gestational age of a preterm infant the nurse should use…………?
• Palmar creases
• Reflex stability
• Breast bud size
• Head to toe length

80. Invertogram is used for the diagnosis of?
• Anorectal malformations
• Tracheoesophageal fistula
• Cleft lip and palate
• Hirschsprung disease

81. ADHD is usually treated with?
• Lorazepam
• Methylphenidate
• Haloperidol
• Methocarbamol

82. The type of delusion commonly seen in depression is/are?
• Delusion of poverty
• Delusion of Nihilism
• Delusion of persecution
• All the above

83. The priority nursing intervention for a client who is admitted with paranoid schizophrenia is?
• Establish a structured daily routine
• Plan a program of self-fulfillment.
• Provide patient and others with a safe environment
• Do a mini-mental status examination

84. The part of the mind that distinguishes right from wrong and acts as a censor of behavior is known as?
• Ego
• Libido
• Id
• Superego

85. An alcoholic client experiencing burning and tingling sensations of the feet. It is suggestive of
• Peripheral neuropathy
• Wernicke’s encephalopathy
• Korkoff’s psychosis
• Seizure

86. The denominator used to calculate the literacy rate of the Indian population is:
• Population aged 18 years or more
• Population aged 7 years or more
• School going population
• Total mid-year population

87. Limit for registration of birth is?
• 7 days
• 21 days
• 14 days
• All of the above

88. Which one of the following is NOT a socio-economic indicator?
• Literacy rate
• Housing
• Family size
• Life expectancy at birth

89. Smallpox vaccine was invented by?
• Louis Pasteur
• Paul Eugene
• Edward Jenner
• John Snow

90. Scotch tape swab is used to identify?
• Tapeworm
• Anquilostoma
• Pinworm
• Cryptosporidium

91. Amoebiasis is transmitted through?
• Feco-oral
• Vector-borne
• Parenteral
• Airborne

92. Maximum amount of vitamin D is found in which among the following?
• Liver
• Cheese
• Egg yolk
• Cod liver oil

93. Phosphatase test is used for?
• To test the presence of nitric acid
• To determine the type of methemoglobinemia, a blood disorder.
• Test for the efficacy of pasteurization of milk
• None of the above

94. 3D’s (diarrhea, dementia, dermatitis) are the characteristic of which deficiency disorder?
• Thiamine
• Biotin
• Niacin
• Riboflavin

95. Which of the following antitubercular drugs causes red-orange discoloration of urine?
• Isoniazid
• Streptomycin
• Ethambutol
• Rifampicin

96. Which of the following type of insulin is prescribed for a client with diabetic ketoacidosis?
• Long-acting insulin
• Lente insulin
• Human Regular insulin
• Human NPH insulin

97. Imipramine is an antidepressant of which group?
• Tricyclic antidepressant (TCA)
• Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)
• Monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI)
• Non-selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

98. The priority nursing diagnosis for the client with a tracheostomy is?
• Pain related to tracheostomy
• Impaired verbal communication related to tracheostomy procedure
• Ineffective airway clearance related to increased tracheobronchial secretions
• Risk for impaired skin integrity related to tracheostomy incision

99. Absence of bowel sounds and abdominal distention after abdominal surgery indicates?
• Hemorrhage
• Intussusception
• Paralytic ileus
• Flatulence

100. Unwanted but unavoidable pharmacodynamics effects of a drug at the therapeutic dose is known as?
• Hypersensitivity
• Side effects
• Toxic effects
• Idiosyncrasy

101. Parkinson’s disease is caused by the deficiency of which of the following neurotransmitters?
• Acetylcholine
• Dopamine
• Serotonin

Obstetrics and Gynecology Nursing Questions and Answers

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Important Nursing Questions and Answers

1. A patient with a diagnosis of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is admitted to ICU. All of the following is the appropriate nursing diagnoses for this patient, except:

a. Fluid volume excess
b. Decreased RBC
c. Electrolyte imbalance
d. Impaired immune function

2. Which of the following blood pressure reading of a child aged between 3 and 5 years is considered abnormal?
a. 96/42 mm Hg
b. 105/60 mm Hg
c. 112/65 mm Hg
d. 115/66 mm Hg

3. A 70-year-old female patient is scheduled for surgery in two hours. Which of the following laboratory findings warrant the most immediate notification of the physician?

a. Prothrombin time 22 seconds
b. Hemoglobin 11 g/dL
c. Creatinine 1.0 mg/dL
d. Potassium 4.6 mEq/dL

4. The nurse is preparing to administer a vaginal cream to her assigned patient with the help of an applicator. Which among the following instructions the nurse would tell the patient for proper use of vaginal cream at home?
a. Make sure to empty the bladder before receiving this drug
b. Remain lying down for 10 minutes after taking this drug
c. Insert applicator approximately 5 to 7.5 cm
d. All of the above

5. A nurse inspects a two-day-old intravenous site and identifies erythema, warmth, and mild edema. The client reports tenderness when the area is palpated. What should the nurse do first?
a. Irrigate the IV tubing
b. Discontinue the infusion
c. Slow the rate of the infusion
d. Obtain a prescription for an analgesic

Basic Nursing Questions and Answers

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