Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Effects

Here is briefly explains how the stimulation of sympathetic or parasympathetic system effects on different body organs.

StructureSympatheticParasympathetic
Eye(Pupil)DilationConstriction
Nasal MucosaMucus reductionMucus increased
Salivary glandSaliva reductionSaliva increased
HeartRate IncreasedRate decreased
Gastrointestinal
Tract
Decreased MotilityIncreased Motility
LiverConversion of
glycogen to
glucose increased
glycogen synthesis
KidneyDecreased urineIncreased urine
BladderContraction of sphincterRelaxation of sphincter
Sweat GlandsIncreased sweatingNo change
PenisEjaculationErection
Basal MetabolismIncrease up to 100%No change

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