Nursing Interview Questions and Answers 2020

These interview questions and answers will help both student nurses and nurses prepare for nursing job interview. The answers explained with the rationale. The rationales are given below you can check it after answering to the questions

Nursing Interview Questions and Answers with Rationale 2020

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Total Quiz Questions=20
Mark/Question= 5
Total Marks=100

1. The nurse is providing discharge teaching for a client taking dis-
sulfiram (Antabuse). The nurse should instruct the client to avoid
A.Peanuts, dates, raisins
B.Figs, chocolate, eggplant
C.Pickles, salad with vinaigrette dressing, beef
D.Milk, cottage cheese, ice cream

2. In planning care for the patient with ulcerative colitis, the nurse
identifies which nursing diagnoses as a priority?
B.Impaired skin integrity
C.Fluid volume deficit
D.Nutrition altered, less than body requirements

3. An obstetrical client decides to have an epidural anesthetic to
relieve pain during labor. Following administration of the anesthe-
sia, the nurse should:

A.Monitor the client for seizures
B.Monitor the client for orthostatic hypotension
C.Monitor the client for respiratory depression
D.Monitor the client for hematuria

4. The nurse is assessing the client admitted for possible oral cancer.
The nurse identifies which of the following as a late-occurring
symptom of oral cancer?
D.Ulcer with flat edges

5. The nurse is ready to begin an exam on a 9-month-old infant. The
child is sitting in his mother’s lap. What should the nurse do first?
A.Check the Babinski reflex
B.Listen to the heart and lung sounds
C.Palpate the abdomen
D.Check tympanic membranes

6. The client is receiving peritoneal dialysis. If the dialysate returns
cloudy, the nurse should:
A.Document the finding
B.Send a specimen to the lab
C.Strain the urine
D.Obtain a complete blood count

7. A client with pancreatitis has been transferred to the intensive care
unit. Which order would the nurse anticipate?
A.Blood pressure every 15 minutes
B.Insertion of a Levine tube
C.Cardiac monitoring
D.Dressing changes two times per day

8. Which of the following roommates would be best for the client
newly admitted with gastric resection?
A.A client with Crohn’s disease
B.A client with pneumonia
C.A client with gastritis
D.A client with phlebitis

9. Lidocaine is a medication frequently ordered for the client experi-

A.Atrial tachycardia
B.Ventricular tachycardia
C.Heart block
D.Ventricular brachycardia

10. The nurse witnesses the nursing assistant hitting the client in the
long-term care facility. The nursing assistant can be charged with:

Common Nursing Interview Questions and Answers

11. The nurse understands that the diagnosis of oral cancer is confirmed with:

B.Gram Stain
C.Scrape cytology
D.Oral washings for cytology

12. The nurse is caring for the client with a mastectomy. Which action
would be contraindicated?
A.Taking the blood pressure in the side of the
B.Elevating the arm on the side of the mastectomy
C.Positioning the client on the unaffected side
D.Performing a dextrostix on the unaffected side

13. The client has an order for gentamycin to be administered. Which
lab results should be reported to the doctor before beginning the
C.White blood cell count
D.Erythrocyte count

14. Which of the following is the best indicator of the diagnosis
of HIV?
A.White blood cell count
C.Western Blot
D.Complete blood count

15. The client has an order for FeSo4 liquid. Which method of admin-
istration would be best?

A.Administer the medication with milk
B.Administer the medication with a meal
C.Administer the medication with orange juice
D.Administer the medication undiluted

16. Vitamin K (aquamephyton) is administered to a newborn shortly
after birth for which of the following reasons?
A.To prevent dehydration
B.To treat infection
C.To replace electrolytes
D.To facilitate clotting

17. Before administering Methytrexate orally to the client with cancer,
the nurse should check the:
A.IV site
C.Blood gases
D.Vital signs

18. Isoniazid (INH) has been prescribed for a family member exposed
to tuberculosis. The nurse is aware that the length of time that the
medication will be taken is:
A.6 months
B.3 months
C.18 months
D.24 months

19. The client is scheduled to have an intravenous cholangiogram.
Before the procedure, the nurse should assess the patient for:
A.Shellfish allergies
B.Reactions to blood transfusions
C.Gallbladder disease
D.Egg allergies

20. Shortly after the client was admitted to the postpartum unit, the
nurse notes heavy lochia rubra with large clots. The nurse should
anticipate an order for:
C.Magnesium sulfate

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Nursing Interview Questions and Answers Rationale

Q1. The client taking Antabuse should not eat or drink anything containing alcohol or vinegar.

Q2. Fluid volume deficit can lead to metabolic acidosis and electrolyte loss.

Q3. Epidural anesthesia involves injecting an anesthetic into the epidural space. If the anesthetic rises above the respiratory center, the client will have impaired breathing; thus, monitoring for respiratory depression is necessary.

Q4. Pain is a late sign of oral cancer. A feeling of warmth, odor, and a flat ulcer in the mouth are all early occurrences of oral cancer.

Q5. The first action that the nurse should take when beginning to examine the infant is to listen to the heart and lungs. If the nurse elicits the Babinski reflex palpates the abdomen, or looks in the child’s ear first, the child will begin to cry and it will be difficult to obtain an objective finding while listening to the heart and

Q6. If the dialysate returns cloudy, an infection might be present and must be evaluated.

Q7. The client with pancreatitis frequently has nausea and vomiting. Lavage is often used to decompress the stomach and rest the bowel, so the insertion of a Levine tube should be anticipated.

Q8. The most suitable roommate for the client with gastric resection is the client with phlebitis because phlebitis is an inflammation of the blood vessel and is not infectious.

Q9. Lidocaine is used to treat ventricular tachycardia. This medication slowly exerts an antiarrhythmic effect by increasing the electric stimulation threshold of the ventricles without depressing the force of ventricular contractions. It is not used for atrial arrhythmias

Q10. Assault is defined as striking or touching the client inappropriately, so a nurse assistant striking a client could be charged with assault.

Nursing School Nursing Interview Questions and Answers

Q11. The best diagnostic tool for cancer is a biopsy.

Q12. The nurse should not take the blood pressure on the affected side. Also, venipuncture and IVs should not be used in the affected area.

Q13. Gentamycin is a drug from the aminoglycoside classification.
These drugs are toxic to the auditory nerve and the kidneys.

Q14. The most definitive diagnostic tool for HIV is the Western Blot. The white blood cell count is not the best indicator, but a white blood cell count of less than 3,500 requires investigation. The ELISA test is a screening exam.

Q15. FeSO4 or iron should be given with ascorbic acid (vitamin C).
This helps with the absorption. It should not be given with meals or milk because this decreases the absorption

Q16. Vitamin K is given after delivery because the newborn’s intestinal tract is sterile and lacks vitamin K needed for clotting.

Q17. The vital signs should be taken before any chemotherapy agent. If it is an IV infusion of chemotherapy, the nurse should check the IV site as well.


Q19. Clients having dye procedures should be assessed for allergies to iodine or shellfish.

Q20. Methergine is a drug that causes uterine contractions. It is used for postpartum bleeding that is not controlled by Pitocin.