ENT MCQs For Medical Students

Table of Contents

ENT MCQs For Medical Students | ENT Questions For Medical Students

1. True about tympanic membrane?

attached to oval window
forms an angle of 55 degree with exteran auditory canal
Chordae tympany nerve passess through pars tensa
Cone of light forms on anteriosuperior quadrant

2. Length of Eustachian tube?

24 mm
36 mm
46 mm
26 mm

3. Sense organ of hearing is?

Organ of Corti

4. Not included in bony labyrinth?

Semicircular canal
Organ of corti

5. Endolymph is present in?

Scala media
Scala vestibule
Scala tympani
Cochlear aqueduct

6. Ceruluminous glands present in the ear are?

Modified eccrine glands
Modified apocrine glands
Mucous glands
Modified holocrine glands

7. What is the colour of normal tympanic membrane?

Pearly white

8. Surface area of tympanic membrane?

55 mm2
70 mm2
80 mm2
90 mm2

9. Cone of light is seen in which part of tympanic membrane?

Anterior superior quadrant
Posteriosuperior quadrant
Anterior inferior quadrant
Posterior inferior quadrant

10. In otoscopy the most reliable sign is?

Lateral process of malleus
Handle of malleus
Cone of light

11. What is the type of joint in ear ossicles?

Fibrous joint
Primary cartilaginous
Secondary cartilaginous
Synovial joint

12. Inner ear is present in which bone?

Parietal bone
Petrous part of temporal bone
Occipital bone
Petrous part of squamosal bone

13. Stapes footplate covers?

Round window
Oval window
Inferior sinus tympani

14. Organ of Corti is situated in?

Scala media
Scala tympani
Scala vestibule
Semicircular canal

15. Endolymph is present in?

Bony labyrinth
Scala media
Scala vestibule
scala tympani

16. Fetus can start hearing by which time of intrauterine life?

14 weeks
20 weeks
32 weeks
33 weeks

17. Normal threshold of hearing in young adult is?

0 dB
10 dB
20 dB
30 dB

18. Bones of middle ear are responsible for which of the following?

Amplification of sound
Reduction of sound intensity
Protecting the inner ear
Reduction of impedance to sound transmission

19. All are causes of sensory neural hearing loss except?

Old age
Cochlear otosclerosis
Loud noise
Rupture of tympanic membrane

20. Virus causing Acute SNHL?

Mumps virus
Adeno virus
Rota virus

21. According to WHO definition of hearing loss, profound degree of hearing loss is at?

61 – 75 dB
80 dB
90 dB
100 dB

22. Commonest cause of hearing loss in children is?

Accoustic neuroma
Otitis media with effusion

23. Commonest cause of deafness is?

Acute masoiditis
Meniere’s disease

24. Prolonged exposure to noise level greater than the following can impair hearing permanently?

40 dB
85 dB
100 dB
140 dB

25. Frequency of tuning fork mostly used in ENT is?

256 Hz
512 Hz
1024 Hz
2048 Hz

ENT MCQs with Rationales for Medical Students

26. Which of the following is NOT a symptom of otitis media?

a. Fever
b. Ear pain
c. Hearing loss
d. Vertigo

27. Which of the following is NOT a risk factor for developing laryngeal cancer?

a. Smoking
b. Excessive alcohol consumption
c. Family history of cancer
d. Frequent exposure to loud noises

28. Which of the following is a common cause of conductive hearing loss?

a. Inner ear damage
b. Nerve damage
c. Earwax buildup
d. Meniere’s disease

29. Which of the following is a common symptom of allergic rhinitis?

a. Ear pain
b. Chest pain
c. Sneezing
d. Neck stiffness

30. Which of the following is NOT a potential complication of untreated sleep apnea?

a. High blood pressure
b. Stroke
c. Diabetes
d. Decreased risk of heart disease

31. Which of the following is a common symptom of tonsillitis?

a. Ear pain
b. Abdominal pain
c. Headache
d. Sore throat

32. Which of the following is a common cause of epistaxis (nosebleed)?

a. High blood pressure
b. Low blood pressure
c. Dehydration
d. Ear infection

33. Which of the following is a common symptom of a ruptured eardrum?

a. Decreased sense of smell
b. Tinnitus (ringing in the ears)
c. Blurred vision
d. Chest pain

34. Which of the following is a common complication of untreated chronic sinusitis?

a. Meningitis
b. Otitis media
c. Asthma
d. Sepsis

35. Which of the following is a common cause of conductive hearing loss in older adults?

a. Inner ear damage
b. Nerve damage
c. Presbycusis (age-related hearing loss)
d. Meniere’s disease

ENT Questions For Medical Students Part 2 with 21 MCQs

  1. Rinne test is negative in?
  2. Presbycusis
    Menieres disease

  3. Vertigo is defined as?
  4. Subjective feeling of imbalance
    Objective sense of imbalance
    Both of these
    Round involvement

  5. Perichondritis of aural cartilage is most commonly caused by?
  6. Staphylococcus

  7. Myringitis bullosa is caused by?
  8. Bacteria

  9. Direction of water jet while doing syringing of ear should be?
  10. Anterio-inferior

  11. Throat infection causes ear infection through?
  12. Blood spread
    Eustachian tube
    Nasocomial spread
    Simultaneous infection

  13. Commonest cause of acute otitis media in children is?
  14. Hemophilus influenza
    Streptococcus pneumonia
    Staph. Aureus

  15. Bluish tympanic membrane is seen in?
  16. Early ASOM
    OME / glue ear
    Cholesterol granuloma

  17. Most common complication of acute otitis media is?
  18. Deafness
    facial nerve palsy

  19. Most common complication of CSOM is?
  20. Meningitis
    Conductive hearing loss
    Intracerebral abscess

  21. The treatment of choice in atticoantral variety of CSOM?
  22. Mastoidectomy
    Medical management

  23. All are manifestations of Meniere’s disease except?
  24. Tinnitus
    Sensory neural deafness
    Loss of consciousness

  25. Parosmia is?
  26. Absolute loss of smell sensation
    Perversion of smell sensation
    Decreased sensation of smell
    Perception of bad smell

  27. Which of the following is not a functions of nose?
  28. Olfaction
    Air pressure control
    Humidifcation of air
    Temperature control of inspired air

  29. Crooked nose is due to?
  30. Deviated ala
    Deviated septum
    Humping nasal septum
    Deviated dorsum and septum

  31. Most common fractured bone of face is?
  32. Nasal bone
    Molar bone
    Zygomated bone
    Temporal bone

  33. Treatment of septal hematoma is?
  34. Nasal decongestant
    Immediate evacuation
    Wait and watch for spontaneous regression

  35. Percentage of newborn with deviation of nasal septum?
  36. 2%

  37. Rhinosporidiosis is caused by?
  38. Fungus

  39. All of the following are true about antrochonal polyp, except?
  40. common in children
    premalignant and bleeds on touch
    single and unilateral
    arises from maxillary antrum

  41. Rhinophyoma is associated with?
  42. Hypertrophy of sweat glands
    Hyperplasia of epithelial cells
    Hyperplasia of endothelial cells
    Hypertrophy of sebaceous glands

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