Pediatric Nursing Questions and Answers With Rationale

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Which type of hernia involves impaired blood supply?

Correct! Wrong!

A strangulated hernia occur when abdominal tissue is so constricted as it protrudes through the abdominal musculature that the blood supply is interrupted.

A 10 year old is diagnosed with lymphocytic thyroiditis (Hashimoto’s disease). The nurse should explain to the parents and child that this condition is?

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The goiter associated with Hashimoto’s disease is usually transient and regresses spontaneously in 1 to 2 years. The child usually is euthyroid but may show signs of hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism

Dietary treatment with PKU includes?

Correct! Wrong!

Phenylalanine is an essential amino acid it must be provided in quantities sufficient for promoting growth while maintaining safe blood levels

A cleft lip predisposes an infant to infections primarily because of?

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Infants with a cleft lip breathe through their mouths, bypassing the natural humidification provided by the nose. As a result, the mucous membrane becomes dry and cracked are easily infected

Exposure to hepatitis B may occur on pediatric units because of?

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Hepatitis B virus is in the blood during the late incubation and stages of the disease. It may persist in the carrier state for years. It is transmitted when the blood of an infected individual comes in contact with the blood or mucous membranes of another individual.

The nurse should recommend to parents the varicella (Chickenpox) vaccination for children at risk for contracting it and who are about to receive?

Correct! Wrong!

Steroids have an immunosuppressive effect. It is thought that resistance to certain viral diseases, including Varicella, is greatly decreases when a child takes steroid regularly

Which of the following information is accurate about febrile seizures?

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Febrile seizures usually are not associated with major neurologic problems. From 95 to 98 % of these children do not develop epilepsy or other neurologic problems

The nurse caring for a child with diagnosis of meningitis. What sign or symptom indicates an increase in intracranial pressure?

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Bradycardia is a classic sign of increased intracranial pressure. With intracranial pressure, there would be decreased alertness or loss of consciousness. The pulse pressure increases with increased systolic pressure seen in increased ICP

What is the primary nursing intervention for an infant with myelomeningocele before surgical correction?

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The meningomyelocele is thinly covered and fragile; trauma to the sac can damage functioning neural tissue; an intact sac reduces a potential portal of entry for organisms

When performing a physical assessment of a newborn with Down’s syndrome, the nurse suspects that the infant may have?

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Cardiac anomalies often accompany genetic problems such as Down syndrome Around 30 to 40 % of these infants have congenital heart defects

A type of play seen in preschoolers is?

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First printed book on Pediatrics is?

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What is considered as an indicator of the level of people and the effectiveness of MCH services?

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While feeding a newborn with the diagnosis of choanal atresia, the nurse observes that the newborn?

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There is a little or no opening between nasal passages and the nasopharynx; therefore the infant can breathe only through the mouth. When feeding, the infant cannot breathe without aspirating some of the fluid; thus causing choking

When caring for a child with croup, what should be the nurse’s priority intervention?

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Laryngeal spasms can occur abruptly; patency of the airway is determined by constant assessment for signs of respiratory distress.

The other name of growth chart?

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Which of the following is not a generalized seizure?

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Jacksonian's seizure is a type of focal partial seizure, also known as a simple partial seizure Drop attacks are also known as atonic seizures or akinetic seizures and it is an example of generalized seizure

A 6 year old child with sickle cell disease is admitted with a vaso-occlusive crisis. What are the priority nursing concern?

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Pain in the area of involvement is a major problem in pain episodes and demands priority care; hydration is necessary to promote and maintain hemodilution

According to the psychosexual theory, toddler is in?

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A child with acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL) is started on chemotherapy, including prednisone. What side effect of prednisone may be exhibited?

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Euphoria and mood swings may result from steroid therapy. Also seen increased appetite and weight gain from steroid therapy

Identify the instrument?

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Identify the instrument?

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Identify the image?

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Pradder’s orchidometer:-There are 12 beads. The volume of each bead is marked on it (1-25 cubic mm). By placing the bead side by side with the testes, one can compare the size and directly read out the volume of testes

Identify the test?

Correct! Wrong!

How do the Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Effects on Various Body Organs

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